On November 8, 1966, Frank Robinson was awarded (by unanimous vote) the MVP award for the American League. Robinson became the first 20th century player to with the MVP award in both leagues, having won the National League MVP in 1961. In 1966, Robinson’s first year with the Baltimore Orioles, he also won the Triple Crown (leading the league in home runs, RBIs, and batting average) and was the recipient of the Babe Ruth Award and the Hickok Belt.
In 1975, Robinson broke the managerial color barrier, becoming the first African-American MLB manager (with the Cleveland Indians). Thirty years later, on November 9, 2005, Frank received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in honor of “his extraordinary achievements as a baseball player and manager and for setting a lasting example of character in athletics.” The medal of freedom is awarded to individuals who have made “an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the United States, world peace, cultural or other significant public or private endeavors.”